MADAGASCAR (2 of 2)

Two things....

Madagascar’s Changing National Motto as Seen on Coinage.
Three new coins for 21st century Madagascar

See more at... Madagascar - Page 1 of 2


Madagascar’s Changing National Motto as Seen on Coinage.

A regular helper with the information on this site recently put another piece of new information my way - it was that the Republic of Madagascar 20 Ariary dates of 1994 and 1999, currently both listed under KM-24, each have a different motto on the ribbon on the reverse. I also noticed that the motto on the coins of the Democratic Republic of Madagascar period had on them yet another motto. There has been a motto on all of the Madagascar circulation coins of 5, 10, 20 and 50 Ariary starting with the 10 and 20 Ariary of 1978. Evidently Madagascar occasionally sees a need to revise its national motto.

The Three Madagascar Mottoes (negative image used for clarity)
Top - Motto ‘A’ as used 1978, 1983 and 1992 (part of 10 Ariary 1992 shown).
Middle - Motto ‘B’ as used 1994 and 1996 (part of 50 Ariary 1996 shown).
Bottom - Motto ‘C’ as used 1999 (part of 10 Ariary 1999 shown).

Here is a full summary of the three mottoes, their meaning and their use:-

Motto ‘A’ is “TANINDRAZANA - TOLOM-PIAVOTANA-FAHAFAHANA”, it means “Fatherland-Revolution-Liberty”. This was used on both of 10 Ariary and 20 Ariary of both 1978 and 1983, as well as the 5 Ariary, 10 Ariary, 20 Ariary and 50 Ariary of 1992.

Motto ‘B’ is “TANINDRAZANA-FAHAFAHANA-FAHAMARINANA”, it means “Fatherland-Liberty-Justice”. This was used on 5 Ariary, 20 Ariary and 50 Ariary of 1994, as well as 5 Ariary and 50 Ariary of 1996.

Motto ‘C’ is “TANINDRAZANA-FAHAFAHANA-FANDROSOANA” it means “Fatherland-Liberty-Progress”. Upto now this has been used on 10 Ariary and 20 Ariary of 1999.

A conclusion from the above is that it is most likely that any future dates of the 5 Ariary and the 50 Ariary coins will also include a change in motto from that on previous dates of these denominations.
 


Three new coins for 21st century Madagascar

As yet the following three coins would seem to be the only Madagascan coins with 21st century dates.

Madagascar 1 Franc 2002
1 Franc 2002, at 200dpi

1 Franc dated 2002, privy marks cornucopia and heart, a new and assumably final date for type KM-8. The previous issue of this type was date 1993.

Madagascar 1 Ariary 2004
1 Ariary 2004, at 200dpi

1 Ariary dated 2004, privy marks cornucopia and french horn. A recent change to a more anti-French government in Madagascar has led to the removal of the Franc Malgache (FMG) as the unit of currency. FMG and Ariary, at a rate of 5 FMG to 1 Ariary, have been used side-by-side one another for many years. The two currencies first appeared together on a coin on the 1966 5 Francs/1 Ariary type KM-10. All amounts are now in Ariary hence this new type, quite a changed design as compared to previous type KM-21 of 1996.

Madagascar 2 Ariary 2003
2 Ariary 2003, at 200dpi

2 Ariary dated 2003, (no privy marks). With the Ariary having become the Madagascan currency unit, this new type is as per 10 Francs/2 Ariary KM-22 except for the changing of the upper reverse legend from “10 FRANCS” to “2 ARIARY”. The, unchanged, lower reverse legend “ARIARY ROA” is Madagascan for “Two Ariary”.
 


See more at... Madagascar - Page 1 of 2

 Madagascar Tokens Page

Back to AFRICA main page.



Changed last paragraph of "Madagascar’s Changing National Motto as Seen on Coinage" at February 2004.

Added - "Madagascar’s Changing National Motto as Seen on Coinage" at June 2003.

An article very similar to the above one entitled "Madagascar’s Changing National Motto as Seen on Coinage" was published in the November 2003 edition of the Numismatics International Bulletin (page 320, pages numbered through the year).

Added "Three new coins for 21st century Madagascar" at August 2005.